AYURVEDIC HERBSVATA: Morphology, Therapeutic Uses, Benefits, Side Effects, Precautions, Interactions, and Dosages

VATA: Morphology, Therapeutic Uses, Benefits, Side Effects, Precautions, Interactions, and Dosages

Vata: Morphology, Therapeutic Uses, Benefits, Side Effects & More
Ficus benghalensis Linn.
Family- Moraceae

Habitat / place of origin

F. benghalensis is considered native to tropical Asia, from India through Myanmar, Thailand, southern China, and Malaysia.

Biological classification

  • Kingdom: Plantae 
  • Subkingdom: Viridiplantae 
  • Division: Tracheophyta
  • Subdivision: Spermatophytina
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Order: Rosales
  • Family: Moraceae 
  • Genus: Ficus L. 
  • Species: Ficus benghalensis L.

Introduction To Vata

Ficus benghalensis, commonly known as the banyan, banyan fig and Indian banyan, is a tree native to the Indian Subcontinent. Specimens in India are among the largest trees in the world by canopy coverage. It also known as the “strangler fig” because it starts out as epiphyte, that is, leaning on another tree that it ends up suffocating.

Vata: Morphology, Therapeutic Uses, Benefits, Side Effects & More

Synonyms of Vata

Sanskrit  : Bahupada, Shipharuha, Padarohini, Pada Rohi , Raktaphala, Ksheeri, Shrungi, Vanaspathi, Neela, Jataala, Mahachaya , Yakshavasaka, Yakshataru , Skandhajana, Skandhaja, Nyagrodh, Avarohi, Rohini Daanta, Kanchana,  Dhruva Vaishravana Vasa, Vitapi, Mandali, Vanabhu

Assamese :  Vat, Ahat, Vatgach

Bengali: Bat, Bat Briksh

English:  Banyan Tree

Gujarati: Vad

Hindi:   Bad, Bargad, Baragad

Kannada: Alada Mara, Aala, Vatavruksha

Kashmiri:  Bad

Malyalam:  Peroal


Oriya: Bata, Bara

Punjabi:  Bhod, Bhaur

Tamil :  Ala

Telugu : Peddamari

Unani: Bad, Bargud

Morphology of Vata

Stem: Growing to a height of 15-20 meters and wide in radius.The tree bark is thick, whitish colored.

Aerial roots are hanging from the tree , on touching the ground, they give support to the branches.

Leaves : The leaves are thick, oval, 4-6 inches long.

Flower:. The male and female flowers are enclosed in an axillary, sessile, depressed red fruits so The flowers are not visible in the tree.

Fruit : Fruits are red and round and about 0.5 to 0.75 inch in diameter and they are spongy.

Flowering time: Summer season

Fruiting time : Summer season

Medicinal Parts

Bark, Tender leaf, Latex

Chemical Composition of Vata

  • The aerial root contains Phytosterolin.
  • Bark – Hypoglycemic principle, Glycoside , Bengalinoside and flavonoid glycosides, Leucocyanidin and Leucopelargonidin. Heartwood contains Liglic acid and ester of alpha- taraxasterol and
  • Leaves – Triterpene, Friedelin and Beta sitosterol. 
  • Heart wood – Ester of – taraxasterol, Liglic acid, Bengalenoside

Ayurvedic Properties of Vata

Rasa (Taste) :    Kashya

Guna (Quality) : Guru, Ruksha ,

Virya (Potency) : Shitta

Vipak (Post Digestive Effect):  Katu

Karma (Pharmacological Actions)

Dosha Karma : It Is Kapha-Pitta Shamak

Sansthanik Karma (General Indications ): Vednasathapan, Varanropan, Rakt Rodhak, Shothhar, Chakushaya

Pachnasansthan (Digestive System ): Stambhan

Raktvahsansthan (Cvs): Raktshodhak, Raktapitta Har

Mutravahsansthan (Urinary System ): Mutra Sangrahani ,

Prajanana Sansthan (Reproductive System ): Garbhashaya Shothhar, Shukra Stambhan

Tapkarma: Dahaparshaman 

Qualities/Effects on Tridosha of Vata

It reduces the kapha by katu ruksha  and pitta  dosha by shitta viraya.

Formulations of Vata

  • Paranthyadi taila
  • Swarna sindhura
  • Ushirasava
  • Nyagrodhadi kashayam

Therapeutic Uses of Vata

  • Vrana
  • Visarpa 
  • Trushna
  • Chardi
  • Murcha
  • Raktapitta 
  • Daha
  • Moha
  • Shopha


  • Powder- 1 to 3 g
  • Decoction- 50 to 80 ml
  • Milky latex- 5 to 8 drops

How can you consume Vata?

Decoction of the bark, milky latex of Vata, cold infusion.

Benefits of Vata

  • Fainting
  • Loss of consciousness
  • It can be administered both externally and orally in ulcers and wounds.
  • Herpes
  • Vomiting
  • Excessive thirst
  • Delusion
  • Used burning sensation in gastritis, neuropathy, burning sensation in eyes.
  • It used in bleeding disorders such as nasal bleeding, heavy periods.
  • Used both for oral and external wash
  • Inflammation
  • It gives instant relief from wound and swelling if applied directly on the skin. 
  • Treat vaginal diseases
  • To control diabetes,
  • Strengthen the uterine muscles during pregnancy.
  • . It is used in treatment of premature ejaculation.
  • Applied locally in dental caries
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Skin diseases as part of treatment
  • Treat firmness of the breasts in females
  • Treat diarrhea
  • Treat nausea and vomiting.
  • Viper snake poisoning
  • Used in excessive sweating

Side Effects of Vata

Generally, it has no adverse effect reported after the normal use of Vata

Safety Precautions

It is should avoid during constipation

References & Further Reading

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